Something Rather Than Nothing: A Failed Argument.

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As a requirement for my honors philosophy course a few semesters back, I was given the task of examining arguments presented by Wilhelm Gottfried Leibniz, and Baruch Spinoza both of whom asserted that god must necessarily exist. While their conclusions were in agreement, the premises for both arguments were very different. Leibniz favored teleological reasoning, asserting that nothing may exist as a brute fact, rather that the existence of a thing is entirely dependent upon its reason for being. Spinoza argues from a more mechanistic approach to the universe. Continue reading